Self-organization in human systems

How to Cite

Allen, P. (1980). Self-organization in human systems. JORBEL - Belgian Journal of Operations Research, Statistics, and Computer Science, 20(4), 21-76. Retrieved from


In recent years new concepts have emerged for the natural sciences related to the self-organization or structural evolution of complex systems. This new paradigm is discussed, and several applications in the field of economics, and urban systems are described.